Xinjiang: More "smart" machinery in cotton fields
Plant protection drones, six-row packaged cotton pickers, residual film recycling machines, intelligent deep ploughs... These "smart" machines were favored by farmers at the recent on-site promotion meeting of Xinjiang agricultural mechanization transformation and upgrading.
Under the guidance of the technicians, the farmers tried to operate the plant protection drone to demonstrate the operation of cotton defoliation. I saw a drone that vacated and flew into the distance. The drone that sprayed the defoliant was foggy. Flying hand Han Shaohua said: "It is not difficult to operate. After the planning of the map, the automatic mode can be turned on. If there is no electricity, it will automatically return to the air."
Fu Jianhua, manager of the Xinjiang branch of Shenzhen Dajiang Innovation Technology Co., Ltd., introduced the T16 plant protection drone, which is the latest generation of the company. It can load 16 liters of liquid, with a range of 6.5 meters and 150 acres in one hour. Spraying work. The T16 can also automatically detect the direction and distance of obstacles within 15 meters from the ground based on the plot and plan obstacle avoidance routes.
Yan Xinmin, chief engineer of the Xinjiang Agricultural Machinery Bureau, believes that in recent years, the Xinjiang plant protection drone industry has developed rapidly, using technology to digitize agriculture and lead a profound change in the agricultural production model, making agriculture more intelligent. According to the data provided by Xinjiang Agricultural Machinery Bureau, at the end of this year, Xinjiang plant protection drones will break through 5,000, with a cumulative operating area of 40 million mu.
A machine walked in the harvested cotton field. Once in a while, a large volume of cotton was picked and "spit". The collected white cotton layer is wrapped in a yellow plastic film, and it will “spit” a “cotton egg” weighing 2200 kg every 800 meters. It is a six-row baled cotton picker with a picking rate of over 95%.
Wang Yugang, technical director of Shandong Swan Cotton Machinery Co., Ltd. said: "The efficiency of its operation is equivalent to the workload of 2,000 pickers in one day. There are many cotton fields in Xinjiang. We have a lot of usefulness. This six-package cotton picker The most powerful function is to realize non-stop picking, automatic packaging of seed cotton after picking, convenient seed cotton storage and transportation, and reduced labor intensity."
Xinjiang is a cotton region with a cotton planting area of more than 38 million mu, ranking first in the country. From the situation a few years ago, the more cotton planted, the more cotton pickers needed, and the situation of “grabbing” cotton pickers everywhere. The labor costs are also rising year after year, bringing a series of difficulties to farmers. .
In recent years, the area of cotton harvested in accordance with standardized planting in Xinjiang has continued to expand. Machine-made cotton has gradually become a new mode of production advocated by cotton farmers. It has not only greatly liberated labor, but more importantly, it has ensured timely and effective cotton harvesting and reduced cotton farmers. Production costs.
According to Xin Xinmin, taking cotton planting production as an example, only the topping relies on manual work, and all other cotton planting production links have been mechanized. Not only cotton production, but also the overall level of agricultural mechanization in Xinjiang is also improving. At present, Xinjiang has 290,000 tractors with more than 30 horsepower and 1,330 cotton pickers. The comprehensive mechanization level of Xinjiang's main crops is 84.68%, the comprehensive mechanization level of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery is 68%, and the comprehensive mechanization level of wheat is 98.2%. More than 80%.
After the cotton is harvested, what about the cotton stalks on the ground and the mulch on the ground? The residual film recycling machine that will be on the scene can be solved together.
The residual film recovery machine is not large. During operation, it has a row of sledges on the tail, and the working width is two meters. The straw is broken and the box is harvested. At the same time, the advanced hob film-forming technology is adopted. Put away the residual film of the single piece.
Xie Wei, general manager of Xinjiang Alar Iron Manzhibao Company, introduced that Jintiandian residual film recycling machine is a straw crushing and residual film recycling machine. All the crops planted with film can carry out residual film recycling operation, and the residual film recovery rate is over 85%. Effectively solve the problem of white pollution caused by waste film.
Dong Hongwei, technical manager of Alar Tiandian Agricultural Machinery Co., Ltd., introduced that high-powered tractors of 120 horsepower and above can haul their work, with a speed of 6 kilometers per hour and a daily operating efficiency of 150 acres.
At the scene, there is also a smart deep plough, which is intelligent and automatic operation, attracting an exclamation. Li Diankui, chairman and engineering designer of Henan Jindachuan Machinery Co., Ltd., introduced that the intelligent deep plough plow surface is unique in design. From a distance, the entire plow surface is layered, thus reducing the resistance of the plow surface and the soil when plowing the ground. Multiple nozzles are hidden in the overlap between the layer and the next layer. The sprinkler can impact and moisten the soil to reduce the resistance, and can also spray the nutrient solution or pesticide needed by the plant. “This large ploughing deep deep plough adapts to various soil and soil environments, and the 220 hp tractor can pull its normal work.” Li Diankui said.
More and more intelligent machines have appeared in the field to help farmers realize their dream of harvesting.
This year, Xinjiang accelerated the process of comprehensive mechanization in the whole process and improved the mechanization level of animal husbandry. The animal husbandry in the agricultural area focused on promoting the mechanization technology of crop straw feed, and demonstrated the promotion of mechanization of scale aquaculture production. By 2020, the total power of agricultural machinery will be stable at more than 21 million kilowatts. The power of large and medium-sized tractors will account for more than 85% of the total power of tractors. The level of mechanization of weak links such as corn harvesting, cotton harvesting, and initial processing of agricultural products will continue to increase. The organization form of small farmers + associations has been continuously developed, and a new pattern of agricultural mechanization development with regional coordination has basically taken shape. The data shows that this year, there are 1048 cooperative organizations of agricultural machinery in Xinjiang, 18,500 cooperative members, and 30,000 sets of machines and equipment. The total annual service income of cooperatives is 1 billion yuan.